Fine motor skills utilized by using tools engage parts of the brain similar to those mobilized when we think about the construction of a sentence, researchers report.
Researchers have named a new species of human ancestor. Homo bodoensis lived in Africa around half a million years ago and is a direct ancestor of modern humans.
Research of lemurs sheds light on the evolutionary origins of musicality in humans.
A new study reports human brain size decreased in size approximately 3,000 years ago, and the brain shrinkage parallels the expansion of collective intelligence in human societies.
Researchers have identified a pre-programmed neural circuit in the basolateral amygdala of mice that processes both positive and negative stimuli.
The answer to what makes the human brain unique may lie in junk DNA.
Study reveals how evolution and natural selection have optimized the mammalian retina.
H3 acetylation of basal neural precursor cells may have been an important factor in the evolution of the human neocortex.
Studying 50 species of primates, researchers found 80% of the species studied performed corpse carrying behaviors as a way to process grief. Following the loss of an infant, some primate mothers carried the body for up to four months following death.
Researchers have identified 2,000 genes in humans linked to longevity. The genes are associated with biological mechanisms that drive the prolongation of life in mammals, including DNA repair, coagulation, and immune response.
Almost half of the identified human accelerated regions of the genome appear to act as neurodevelopment enhancers, researchers say. The findings shed new light on the genetic basis of human evolution.
Whether you hug to show affection to comfort a loved one in pain, researchers explore the neuroscience of why a cuddle feels so good.
In order to understand life’s full range of forms, new theoretical frameworks must be developed, researchers say.
While the response to numbers may be an evolutionary trait we share with some animals, our ability to perceive language and digits underpins our advanced mathematical skills.
A new study reveals the impact climate played in the evolution of the human brain and body. Studying 300 fossils from the genus Homo found across the globe, researchers found those who lived in colder climates had larger body frames. Larger bodies prov…
Study points to the evolutionary and developmental similarities between sensory cells in the inner ear and skin.
Human near-death experiences may have arisen from an evolutionary mechanism, researchers report.
The recently discovered Homo longi lineage may be our closest relative. The findings have the potential to reshape our understanding of human evolution.
Foxes bred to be either tame or aggressive had increased size in similar brain regions, a new study reports. The animals bred for specific behavioral traits had larger brains than those that were conventionally bred. The findings contradict existing th…
The Tsimane, an indigenous people from the Bolivian Amazon, have less brain atrophy than American aging adults, a new study reports. Additionally, the decrease in their brain volume associated with aging is 70% less than seen in older American adults.